Surigao (125.488E 9.781N) is located on the northernmost point of Mindanao in the Philippines. It is the location of one of two straits permitting access for large ships from the Philippine Sea to the central Philippine Islands.  It is also the site of some low-grade iron ore deposits, producing about 1.1 million tons a year in 1941.

Battle of Surigao Straits

Night action at Surigao Strait
U.S. Navy. Via Morison (1958)

During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, a Japanese battleship force under Nishimura Shoji attempted to transit Surigao Strait to attack the Allied amphibious invasion forces of 7 Fleet. However, the force was sighted and bombed by American aircraft at 0918 on 24 October. Nishimura kept coming anyway, not even pausing to meet up with a supporting cruiser force under Admiral Shima. Roscoe (1953) suggests that Nishimura deliberately avoided the rendezvous in order not to come under the command of Shima, who was a few months senior in rank.

Oldendorf, commanding 7 Fleet's battle line, laid a careful trap for Nishimura. He deployed his PT boats far down the strait, mostly for their reconnaissance value, but the boats would also attempt to pick off some of Nishimura's force with their torpedoes. Nishimura would then encounter a force of destroyers lurking against both shorelines. Finally, Nishimura would find the Allied battle line positioned against the mouth of the strait, ready to cross his "T".

Nishimura hit the first line of PT boats at about 2200 hours. These reported his approach but inflicted no casualties. At 0200 the first group of Allied destroyers attacked. By the time the Japanese opened fire, the destroyers had already launched their torpedoes and were withdrawing. Nishimura failed to take evasive action, and at 0207 Fuso was hit and blown in half. The two floating sections burned brightly and caused some confusion, since they appeared to be two burning ships.

A second group of destroyers attacked minutes later. This time Nishimura attempted to evade, but his maneuver brought part of his destroyer screen directly into the path of the Allied torpedoes. Yamagumo and Michishio were sunk and Asagumo was badly damaged and forced to withdraw. Yamashiro was also damaged by a single torpedo, but Nishimura sent off a final message at this point claiming that Yamashiro was unimpaired in its fighting ability. However, a third Allied torpedo attack all but crippled Yamashiro

Meanwhile, at 0251, the main Allied battle line had opened fire. Yamashiro finally rolled over and sank at 0310, while Mogami was badly hit while attempting to withdraw. Mogami was further damaged in a collision with Nachi from Shima's supporting force. Seeing the devastation ahead of him, Shima prudently withdrew, with a "clean-up" force of Allied cruisers and destroyers in pursuit.

The next morning, American aircraft found Mogami and so damaged her that the Japanese took off the crew and scuttled her. The Allied "clean-up" force finished off Asagumo and damaged Abukuma, which was later sunk by aircraft.

The battle was almost completely one-sided. The most serious damage suffered by the Allies was heavy damage to destroyer Albert W. Grant, mostly from friendly fire. Nishimura has been heavily criticized by historians for his unimaginative, robotic march to death, but it seems likely Nishimura was deliberately seeking honorable death in battle for himself and his men.

Japanese order of battle

Force C (Nishimura)     

BB Fuso
Sunk by torpedoes

BB Yamashiro Sunk by torpedoes and gunfire

CA Mogami
Crippled by torpedoes, gunfire and aircraft and scuttled

DD Michishio
Sunk by torpedoes

DD Asagumo
Damaged by torpedoes

DD Yamagumo
Sunk by torpedoes

DD Shigure

Attached to Force C (Shima)     

CA Nachi
Slightly damaged in collision with Mogami

CA Ashigara

CL Abukuma
Damaged by torpedoed and sunk by aircraft

DD Akebono

DD Ushio

DD Shiranuhi

DD Wakaba

DD Hatsushimo

DD Hatsuharu

Allied order of battle

Battle Force (Oldendorf)     

Battle Line (Weyler)     

BB Mississippi

BB Maryland

BB Tennessee

BB California

BB Pennsylvania

BB West Virginia

Destroyer Division "X-Ray"

DD Claxton     

DD Cony

DD Thorn

DD Aulick    

DD Sigourney     

DD Welles

Left Flank  (Oldendorf)      

Heavy Cruisers     

CA Louisville

CA Portland

CA Minneapolis

Light Cruisers (Hayler)     

CL Denver

CL Columbia

Destroyer Squadron 56     

DD Newcomb     

DD Richard P. Leary     

DD Albert W. Grant      Severely damaged

Destroyer Division 112

DD Robinson     

DD Halford     

DD Bryant     

DD Heywood L. Edwards     

DD Bennion     

DD Leutze     

Right flank (Berkey)     

CL Phoenix

CL Boise

CA Shropshire     
Royal Australian Navy

Destroyer Squadron 24     

DD Hutchins    

DD Daly    

DD Bache    

DD Killen    

DD Beale    

DD Arunta
Royal Australian Navy

Destroyer Squadron 54     

DD Remey    

DD McGowan    

DD Melvin    

DD Mertz    

Destroyer Division 108

DD McDermut    

DD Monssen    

DD McNair    

39 PT

Climate Information:

Elevation 20’

Temperatures: Jan 83/74, Apr 87/74, Jul 88/76, Oct 87/75, record 99/66

Rainfall: Jan 24/21.4, Apr 19/10.0, Jul 13/7.0, Oct 17/10.7 == 147.8" per annum


Dull (1978)
Morison (1958)

Pearce and Smith (1990)

Roscoe (1953)


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
sex n xxx
porn x videos
desi porn videos
hardcore porn
filme porno
filmati xxx
Груб секс
इंडियन सेक्स
वीडियो सेक्स
xn xx
Besuche uns
onlyfans leaked videos