Ki-32 "Mary", Japanese Light Bomber

Photograph of Ki-32 "Mary" aircraft

U.S. Air Force. Via Francillon (1979)

Kawasaki Ki-32 "Mary"




49'3" by 38'2" by 9'7"
15m by 11.64m by 2.9m
Wing area
366 square feet
34 square meters


5179-7802 lbs
2349-3762 kg


263 mph at 12,925 feet
423 km/h at 3940 meters

Cruising speed      

186 mph
299 km/h

Climb rate

25 feet per second
7.6 meters per second


29,265 feet
8920 meters

Power plant

One 850 hp (634 kW) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIb 12-cylinder vee liquid-cooled engine driving a three-bladed variable-pitch propeller.


One forward-firing 7.7mm Type 89 machine gun (cowling)
One 7.7mm Type 89 machine gun in a flexible mount (rear cockpit)

Bomb load

660 lbs (300 kg) of bombs normal
992 lbs (450 kg) maximum


826 miles (1330 km) normal
1218 miles (1960 km) maximum


8 prototypes and 846 production aircraft by May 1940 by Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo K.K.

The Kawasaki Ki-32 (Army Type 98 Single-engined Light Bomber) was the Japanese Army’s primary light bomber from 1938 to 1940, having demonstrated better flying characteristics than the rival Ki-30, and it was produced in larger numbers. The design dated from May 1936, when the Japanese Army instructed Kawasaki to design a replacement for the Ki-3 light bomber, and the first prototype flew in March 1937. There were serious teething difficulties with the liquid-cooled Ha-9 engine, but the Japanese Army was now fully engaged in China and needed all the aircraft it could get, and "Mary" went into production in July 1938. At that time its performance was the equal of its counterparts in the West and helped bring the Japanese Army Air Force into parity with the Western powers.

"Mary" was the last Army bomber to use a liquid-cooled engine, which proved vulnerable to battle damage, and its performance was limited somewhat by its fixed undercarriage. Bombs were carried in an internal bay. "Mary's" last major combat action was at Hong Kong in 1941, where fighter opposition and antiaircraft defenses were almost nonexistent. Thereafter it was used for training.


Francillon (1979)

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