The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Kawanishi Kokuki K.K. (Kawanishi Aircraft Co Ltd) was founded by
Kawanishi Seibei, a textile manufacturer, after a business dispute led
him to dissolve his partnership with Nakajima in 1918.
Kawanishi became a machine tool manufacturer before turning towards
production of civilian aircraft.
He founded Kawanishi Kokuki K.K. in 1928, hired a large number of
former naval officers, and
began design and manufacture of flying
The company became Japan's sixth leading manufacturer of combat aircraft, specializing exclusively in airframes for the Navy. Aircraft designed by Kawanishi included the N1K1 "George", H6K "Mavis", H8K "Emily", and the N1K "Rex". In addition, Kawanishi produced the Yokosuka P1Y "Frances" under license. Principle manufacturing facilities were at Naruo, Konan, and Himeji.
From 1941 to 1945, Kawanishi produced a total of 1994 airframes, of which 1629 were combat aircraft.
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