The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
|Previous: Kagesa Sadaaki||Table of Contents||Next: Kaifeng|
31.551N) is located on the northwest shore of Kagoshima Bay
(Kiko Bay) in southern Kyushu.
The population was about 190,000 in 1945. The skyline is dominated by
volcanic peninsula of Sakurajima, admired by the Japanese for its great
beauty. The city is a major port and
trade center and is also
its bamboo wares and Satsuma pottery. The Satsuma were one of
powerful clans of feudal Japan.
The port had significant oil-storage facilities and was protected by a heavy artillery fortress regiment. Airfields in the vicinity played an important part in the kamikaze attacks during the Okinawa campaign, and the are was struck by carrier raids on 8 June 1945. The carrier pilots were impressed by heavy air defenses, but these would prove inadequate against the subsequent B-29 raids.
The city was bombed on 17-18 June 1945 by 314
Bombardment Wing. The distinctive coastline made the city an
unmistakable radar target and the defenses were limited to a
pitiful 32 heavy antiaircraft
guns. The attacking bombers dropped 810 tons of incendiaries, which destroyed 44.1 percent of the
Kagoshima was the primary objective of Operation
OLYMPIC, the planned
invasion of Kyushu that was scheduled to take
place on 1 November 1945 if Japan had not surrendered by then. The coast south of the city was considered particularly suitable for airfield development.
||Building Way Length
"Reports of General MacArthur" (accessed 2011-8-9)
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007, 2009, 2011-2012 by Kent G. Budge. Index
Comment on this article