The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Bristol was one of the earliest British aircraft
manufacturers, founded in 1910. It was unusually well-funded and
well-managed and soon proved successful. The company diversified into aircraft engine manufacture
in 1920, when the Air Ministry pressured the company into acquiring the
rights to the Jupiter engine. The improved Jupiter II was the first
British engine to exceed 400 hp (298 kW).
Bristol's main factory was the
largest single aircraft factory in the world when the Second World War
broke out in Europe.
Bristol manufactured the Albacore, Beaufighter, Beaufort, Blenheim,
Stanraer, Swordfish, Vildebeeste, Walrus, and Wellington aircraft. Its aircraft engine subsidiary
produced the Mercury, Pegasus, Perseus, Hercules and Taurus
aircraft engines. The company began development of turboprop engines
towards the end of the war, but these did not see operational use.
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2009, 2011 by Kent G. Budge. Index
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