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Assam is the region of northeast India
centered on the Brahmaputra
valley. It was an independent kingdom until Britain
annexed it to India in 1826. The British brought in inexpensive
from other portions of India and began extensive development.
producing 145 million pounds of tea annually in 1900, and there was
some modest oil production at Digboi (320,000 barrels per year.)
Located at the foot of the Himalayas, Assam is geologically unstable and experiences frequent severe earthquakes. It also experiences a torrential monsoon.
Large airfield complexes were build in the area to support the airlift to China over "The Hump", the southeastern-most Himalayas.
However, airfield construction was severely hampered both the the poor
transportation infrastructure and the monsoon, and the airfields were
still unusable as late as April 1943. Airfield construction received greater priority in 1944, and by the end of July there were hardstands complete for 149 transport aircraft.
Romanus and Sunderland (1953)
Van Royden and Bowles (1952)
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